Originally Posted by Tijmendal
Honestly, I didn't think color film existed till the 30's...
Marketing of three layer colour film types (predecessors of the currently used processes) started in 1936, by Agfa and, months later, Kodak. But colour photography is much older than that.
Direct colour (Autochrome process) plates were already marketed from 1907 on - earlier experimental raster plate processes preceded them by some 15-20 years.
Two- and later three-filter separation colour photography (the still version of the process used here) started in the 1860s with the discovery of sensitizers that extended the colour response of wet plates beyond blue. But for almost fifty years of colour photography, the results weren't directly visible and short of lithography there was no print process, so that colour photography kept stuck in the labs, having the same application as and no visible or economical advantage over artistically coloured lithographies made off black and white photographs.
That Turner film preceded Kinemacolor, another similar colour wheel process that actually made it into the cinemas of the period, by a mere seven years. So it is not quite that tremendously first as it may seem when you don't know the long history of colour before Agfa/Kodak...